How to reset MySQL root password

Forgetting passwords happens to the best of us. If you forget or lose the root password to your MySQL database, you can still gain access and reset the password if you have access to the server.

Step 1 — Stop MySQL service

First of all, you need to stop the MySQL service on your system. You can do this using the following command.

  • For SysVinit systems
    # service mysql stop
    # /etc/init.d/mysql stop
  • For Systemd systems
    # systemctl stop mysql.service

Step 2 — Start MySQL in Safe Mode

Now connect to MySQL in safe more using skip grant and run this command in background.

# mysqld_safe --skip-grant-tables &

Step 3 — Login to MySQL and Change Password

After starting MySQL in safe more connect to MySQL with root user and without any password. After that run following command to change the root user password.

# mysql -u root
mysql> use mysql;
Reading table information for completion of table and column names
You can turn off this feature to get a quicker startup with -A

Database changed

mysql> UPDATE user SET authentication_string = PASSWORD("NeW_pAsSw0rD") where User='root';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)
Rows matched: 1  Changed: 0  Warnings: 0
mysql> quit;

Step 4 — Stop and Restart MySQL

After successfully changing the 'root' password, stop and restart the service in normal mode using following commands:

  • For SysVinit systems:
    # service mysql stop
    # service mysql start
    # /etc/init.d/mysql stop
    # /etc/init.d/mysql start
  • For Systemd systems
    # systemctl stop mysql.service
    # systemctl start mysql.service

Step 5 — Login with New password

At this stage you have successfully updated you root MySQL password, Lets connect to MySQL using new password.

# mysql -u root -p

Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 5
Server version: 5.7.20-0ubuntu0.17.10.1 (Ubuntu)

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Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.


You have restored administrative access to your MySQL server. Make sure the new password you chose is strong and secure and keep it in a safe place.

For more information on user management, authentication mechanisms, or ways of resetting database password for other version of MySQL, please refer to the official MySQL documentation.