AWS Terminology

Before you begin working on any Amazon Web Service, you should familiarise yourself with some related terms and concepts.

To help you out, I have compiled this simple glossary with common terms and phrases you may come across as you dive deeper into the world of AWS.

Access control list (ACL)A firewall/security layer on the subnet leve.
Amazon Machine Image (AMI)A preconfigured template that allows you to create a virtual machine on Amazon Elastic Cloud Compute (EC2).
Auto scalingAutomates the process of adding or removing EC2 instances based on traffic demand for your applicatio.
AWS IoTA managed cloud service that lets connected devices easily and securely interact with cloud applications and other devices.
BucketsRoot-level "folders".
Certificate ManagerLets you easily provision, manage, and deploy Secure Sockets Layer/Transport Layer Security (SSL/TLS) certificates for use with AWS services.
CloudFormationAllows you create and update a collection of related AWS resources in a predictable fashion.
CloudFrontContent delivery network (CDN) that allows you to store your content at "edge locations" located all around the world, allowing customers to access your content more quickl.
CloudSearchA fully managed search service for websites and apps.
CloudTrailAllows you to monitor all actions taken by IAM user.
CloudWatchService that allows you to monitor various elements of your AWS accoun.
Consolidated billingAllows you to view, manage, and pay bills for multiple AWS accounts in one user interfac.
Database Migration Service (DMS)Helps you migrate databases to the cloud easily and securely while minimizing downtime.
Data PipelineA lightweight orchestration service for periodic, data-driven workflows.
DNA serverA database of website domains and their corresponding IP addresse.
DynamoDBNoSQL database service that does not provide other NoSQL software option.
EC2 Container ServiceAllows you to easily run and manage Docker containers across a cluster of Amazon EC2 instances.
ElastiCacheData caching service used to help improve the speed/ performance of web applications running on AW.
Elastic Block Storage (EBS) volumeVirtual disk drives that you can attach to your EC2 instance to add more storage.
Elastic BeanstalkAn application container for deploying and managing applications.
Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2)A virtual computer, very similar to a desktop/laptop computer thus provides resizable compute capacity in the cloud.
Elastic File System (EFS)A file storage service for EC2 instances.
ElasticityThe ability of a system to increase and decrease in siz.
Elastic Load Balancing (ELB)Evenly distributes traffic between EC2 instances that are associated with i.
Elastic MapReduce (EMR)Lets you perform big data tasks such as web indexing, data mining, and log file analysis.
Elasticsearch ServiceA managed service that makes it easy to deploy, operate, and scale Elasticsearch, a popular open-source search and analytics engine.
Elastic TranscoderLets you convert your media files in the cloud easily, at low cost, and at scal.
Fault toleranceProperty that enables a system to continue operating properly in the event of the failure of one or more component.
FirewallA type of software that either allows or blocks certain kinds of internet traffic to pass through i.
FolderAny "subfolder" created in a bucke.
GlacierA low-cost storage service that provides secure and durable storage for data archiving and backup.
High availabilityRefers to systems that are durable and likely to operate continuously without failure for a long tim.
IAM usersIndividuals who have been granted access to an AWS accoun.
Identity and Access Management (IAM)Service where AWS user accounts and their access to various AWS services are manage.
InspectorEnables you to analyze the behavior of the applications you run in AWS and helps you to identify potential security issues.
KinesisThis service makes it easy to work with real-time streaming data in the AWS cloud.
LambdaServerless computing that will replace EC2 instances, for the most par.
Machine LearningA service that enables you to easily build smart applications.
Management Consoleis Amazon's web-based interface for managing your EC2 instances and allows you to wield finer control by adding storage volumes, adjusting security groups, and so on.
Object availabilityPercent over a one-year time period that a file stored in S3 will be accessibl.
Object durabilityPercent over a one-year time period that a file stored in S3 will not be los.
Object lifecycleSet rules to automatically transfer objects between storage classes at defined time interval.
Object sharingAbility to make any object publicly available via a URL lin.
Object versioningAutomatically keep multiple versions of an object (when enabled.
OpsWorksIs a DevOps platform for managing applications of any scale or complexity on the AWS cloud.
OrganizationsAllow you or your company access to manage billing and access to multiple AWS accounts in one user interfac.
Principle of least privilegeGiving a user only the rights/access to the AWS services and resources they need to do their job and nothing mor.
PublishersHuman/alarm/event that gives SNS the message that needs to be sen.
Rational Database Service (RDS)SQL database service that provides a wide range of SQL database options to select fro.
RedShiftData warehouse database service designed to handle petabytes of data for analysi.
RolesHow different AWS services are granted permission to communicate and share dat.
Route 53Highly available and scalable DNS and Domain Name registration service.
S3Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) can be used to store and retrieve any amount of data.
ScalabilityThe ability of a system to easily increase in size and capacity in a cost-effective wa.
Security group (SG)Firewall/security layer on the server/instance leve.
Shared responsibility modelDefines what you and AWS are responsible for when it comes to security and complianc.
Simple Email Service (SES)Enables you to send and receive email.
Simple Notification Service (SNS)AWS service that allows you to automate the sending of email or text messaging notifications based on events that happen in your AWS accoun.
Simple Storage Service (S3)Online bulk storage service you can access from almost any devic.
Simple Workflow (SWF)Coordinates all of the processing steps within an application.
SQSAmazon Simple Queue Service (SQS) offers a reliable, highly scalable, hosted queue for storing messages.
Storage classRepresents "classification" assigned to each object in S3 (standard, RRS, S3-IA, Glacier.
Storage GatewaySecurely integrates on-premises IT environments with cloud storage for backup and disaster recovery.
SubnetA subsection of a network and generally includes all the computers in a specific locatio.
SubscriptionsEndpoints to which a topic sends message.
TopicsHow you label and group different endpoints to which you send message.
Trusted AdvisorService that "advises" and helps you optimize aspects of your AWS accoun.
User credentialsIAM user's username and password for logging in to AW.
Virtual Private Cloud (VPC)Lets you launch AWS resources in a private, isolated cloud.